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Information About Multicasting in IPv4 and IPV6

Information about Multicating addressing in IPv4 and IPv6

Multicasting, the transmission of a packet to multiple destinations in a single send operation, is part of the base specification in IPv6.
In IPv4 this is an optional although commonly implemented feature. IPv6 multicast addressing shares common features and protocols with IPv4 multicast, but also provides changes and improvements by eliminating the need for certain protocols.

IPv6 does not implement traditional IP broadcast, i.e. the transmission of a packet to all hosts on the attached link using a special broadcast address, and therefore does not define broadcast addresses. In IPv6, the same result can be achieved by sending a packet to the link-local all nodes multicast group at address ff02::1, which is analogous to IPv4 multicast to address

IPv6 also supports new multicast solutions, including embedding rendezvous point addresses in an IPv6 multicast group address which simplifies the deployment of inter-domain solutions.

In IPv4 it was very difficult for an organization to get even one globally routable multicast group assignment and the implementation of inter-domain solutions was very arcane. Unicast address assignments by a local Internet registry for IPv6 have at least a 64-bit routing prefix, yielding the smallest subnet size available in IPv6 (also 64 bits). With such an assignment it is possible to embed the unicast address prefix into the IPv6 multicast address format, while still providing a 32-bit block, the least significant bits of the address, or approximately 4.2 billion multicast group identifiers. Thus each user of an IPv6 subnet automatically has available a set of globally routable source-specific multicast groups for multicast applications.

Note that a ping with host reply, Ping -a IPv4 will return "" and your dns detected public ip address.

And the same ping with the IPV6 multicast group ff02::1, will return a reply from ff02::1.

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